Bibliography The Harvard System Of Bibliography


How to Write a Bibliography (Harvard Style)
Books
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • titleof book (italics or underlined),
  • edition (if applicable),
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
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 Encyclopedia - Print
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (single quotation marks),
  • title of encyclopedia (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city),
  • volume number,
  • page number/s.
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 Encyclopedia - Online
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (single quotation marks),
  • title of encyclopedia (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • date it was viewed,
  • <URL>.
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Magazine/Journal article - Print
  Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • title of magazine (italics or underlined),
  • volume number (if applicable),
  • issue number (if applicable),
  • page number(s).
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Magazine/Journal article - Online
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • title of magazine (italics or underlined),
  • volume number (if applicable),
  • issue number (if applicable),
  • page number/s (if applicable).
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Newspaper article
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • newspaper name (italics),
  • date,
  • page number/s.
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Newspaper article - Online 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • newspaper name (italics),
  • date,
  • page number/s.
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Pamphlet (booklet to 40 pages)
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • title of pamphlet (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city) .
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Internet
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author/editor (if identified) (surname, initials)
  • last update (if identified),
  • title of article (italics or underlined),
  • name of sponsor,
  • date it was viewed,
  • <URL.>.
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CD Roms
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks)
  • year of publication,
  • title of CD Rom (italics or underlined)
  • CD ROM,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
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Video and television recording
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • title of video (italics or underlined)
  • date of recording,
  • format
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
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Email
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of communication,
  • email,
  • date it was viewed,
  • sender's email address.
Personal communications, including email and letters, are not usually included in a bibliography but are quoted in your assignment. If your teacher asks for inclusion in your bibliography, follow the example.

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References:
Referencing using the Harvard author-date system 2003, University of South Australia, viewed 1 March 2008,
<http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/learningconnection/student/learningAdvisors/documents/harvard-referencing.pdf>

 

Both Reference Lists and Bibliographies are placed at the end of your essay, assignment or thesis (unless your lecturer has specified differently, which may be the case for theses). Citations (references) are then arranged alphabetically by author or responsible organisation, or where no author is given, by title. (If the first word is a definite/indefinite article it should be ignored, e.g. The Story of Art should be filed alphabetically under Story). Citations by the same author are then arranged chronologically, with the most recent first.

It is important you consult with your lecturer or Course Notes to determine whether a Reference List or Bibliography is required. 

 

Reference List (Example)

About Jenny Holzer 2011, dvd, Microcinema International, San Francisco, California.

Art + soul : a journey into the world of aboriginal art2010, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Sydney, 4 October.

Art Farmer 1978, Art, sound recording, Cadet Records, Chicago, Ill.

Chains = Cantene/Titanus 2011, motion picture, British Film Institute, London.

Colli, MG 2009, Bilbao_6 Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, photograph, viewed 4 January 2012, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/52355315@N08/5757476385/>.

Di Trocchio, P 2011, Manstyle : men + fashion, exhibition catalogue, 11 March-27 November, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Vic.

Eales, S (ed.) 2003, The Jacaranda atlas, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Brisbane.

Fujimoto, Tetsuo 1998, Work 98-1, Fibre art : Hemp cloth, polyester threads, Pellon backing and natural plant dyes Exhibited at: Textural Space exhibition, Surrey Institute of Art & Design, 27 Apr - 23 Jun 2001.

Google Earth 6.0. 2008. Hylands House and estates 51°42'39.17"N, 0°26'11.30"W, elevation 60M. 3D Buildings data layer, viewed 31 August 2011, <http://www.google.com/earth/index.html >.

Gorman, P 2001, The look: adventures in pop & rock fashion, Sanctuary Publishing Ltd, London.

Gough, P 2017, What makes art good or bad?, video recording, Youtube, viewed 17 July 2017, 
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNQVe4qgtx8>.

Le Corbusier, c. 1950-1954, Notre-Dame du Haut, exterior, Ronchamp, France, viewed 12 January 2012, Oxford Art Online database. 

Liebovitz, A 2002, Dancers: photographs by Annie Liebovitz, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Melbourne Water 2012, Weekly water report 5 January 2012: Chart view Daily residential water use in Melbourne, Melbourne Water, Victoria, viewed 12 January 2012, <http://www.melbournewater.com.au/content/water_storages/report>.

Mojang 2009, Minecraft, video game, Xbox 360, Mojang, Sweden.

Nefertari with Isis, n.d. photograph, viewed 4 January 2012, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ankh_isis_nefertari.jpg>.

Sallowsky, M 2006, RMIT buildings - Brunswick campus, digital image, RMIT University, Melbourne, viewed 12 January 2012, <http://www.rmit.edu.au/browse;ID=218ujxd8tspl1>.

Turner, JMW 1812, Snow storm: Hannibal and army crossing the alps, Oil on canvas, 145×2360 mm, Turner Collection, Tate Gallery, Britain.

Ubisoft Entertainment 2012, Assassins creed III, computer program, Ubisoft Australia.

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